In recent years, the climate chaos on Earth is changing markedly: some countries suffer from abnormal heat, others from too harsh and snowy winters, unusual for these places.
Environmentalists talk about global climate change, including rising average annual temperatures leading to melting glaciers and rising sea levels. In addition to warming, there is also an imbalance in all natural systems, which leads to changes in precipitation patterns, temperature anomalies and an increase in the frequency of extreme events such as hurricanes, floods and droughts.
According to scientists, for ten months of 2015, the average temperature of the planet was 1.02 °C higher than recorded in the XIX century (when observations of changes in global temperature began). The one-degree threshold was exceeded for the first time in recent history. Scientists agree that it is human activity-burning oil, gas and coal-that leads to the greenhouse effect that causes the average temperature to rise. Experts note that between 2000 and 2010 there was the strongest increase in greenhouse gas emissions in 30 years. According to the world meteorological organization, in 2014 their concentration in the atmosphere reached a record level.
What is the threat of climate warming
If States do not start to seriously address the problem of environmental protection, by 2100 the temperature on the planet may rise by 3.7-4.8 °C. climatologists warn that irreversible consequences for the environment will come with warming of more than 2 °C. Scientists conclude that the current efforts of governments in the field of climate, adopted by the Paris agreement, do not take into account all the effects that will have the melting of glaciers in the near future. “The rise of water due to the melting of glaciers is already observed now and has accelerated in recent years. Our new experiments have shown that this will continue even if The earth’s climate stabilizes. But they also showed that if we significantly reduce emissions, we can limit future impacts