Placement of ship systems and pipelines.The corresponding systems and pipelines of various liquids and gases flow (water, steam of fuel and oil, spent fuel, etc.). The trail of the system and the pipelines are, as it were, the ship’s nutrients and serve to ensure an uninterrupted slave of the power plant, as well as to meet the household’s household needs. Depending on the purpose, all the ship’s systems can be divided into two groups: All vessels independently, from their designation of equipment for the oil and water, hence the artisan systems designed to serve the various needs of the entire ship (ballast, trim, heating, drinking and washing water, sewage, fire, etc.); systems of ship power plants serving the power plant of the ship (fuel, oil, air, etc.). The ship systems include pipelines, as well as various equipment serving the system (pumps, compressors, heaters, etc.) the arrangement and position of the ship systems is determined by their specific purpose, number and location of the consumers. The axle and boiler compartment is characterized by maximum saturation by various mechanisms. Therefore, the routes in such a way that they occupy the pipelines have as little space as possible and were available for servicing repairs. The arrangement and arrangement of the ship’s pipelines must also meet the ship’s survivability requirements and more convenient maintenance. There are three main principles of the device of these systems: stand-alone, group! .. Centralized, which is applied depending on the layout of the mechanisms on the vessel. With the autonomous principle of the device (Fig. 1, a), the impenetrable compartment of the vessel is serviced by an independent mechanism designed for that particular compartment. In the case of the group principle (Fig. 1, b), each receiver only operates a number of watertight intercepts with the consumers placed in them. With a centralized principle, all ship receivers are serviced by a single mechanism designed for the given ship system, the choice of one or another principle of system design depends on the requirements for the installation. If the decisive requirement is a low installation cost, a centralized principle is applied, if the survivability and maneuverability of the autonomous.
rice are. I. Diagram of the location of the components of the drainage system. you are polished according to the autonomous (a) and (6) principles, -admission grids: 2, 4 – – shut-off valves: 3 – drying pump; 5 – the valve box; 6 – pipelines,,
To store the liquid fuel boiler, fuel from the double bottom and side compartments are used. The fuel reserves in the plants with internal combustion engines are located in the engine room compartments, in the double bottom compartments, and in the transverse compartments that separate (through the cofferdam) the machine compartment and the cargo hold. Engine oil is stored in cisterns located in the engine room. Reserves of fresh feedwater are found in the double bottom compartments located in the boiler compartment area, drinking water is usually stored with specially prepared feed or nasal cisterns, less often in double-bottomed tanks.