The history of the development of anchors and their types


The history of the development of their type .The most ancient anchor can be considered a massive stone tied with a rope for which In the groove a groove that increased the reliability of the connection and protected the rope from rubbing. However, the holding force of such an anchor was equal only to its mass. reduction of useless dragging of the anchor. Later, for the bottom of the increase in its holding force, the wooden hooks or the cross were attached to the stone . Such an anchor. The name “Killik” has survived to this day. However, the first anchor, whose effect is determined not so much by mass as by a peculiar form increasing the cohesion with the soil, was East Indian , in which it is wooden The spindle was connected with a wooden horn or a stone horn. To impart a vertical spine to the rhizontal position, a massive stone was tied at the anchoring spot of the Ka-ta.
The construction of the Chinese anchor is interesting . It has a rod, consisting of several bamboo rods, connected with each other by the TOK making the anchor stable on the ground. according to the drawings on Greek and Syrian coins, it was possible to compose an idea of ​​the ancient Greek anchors The appearance of the paws is connected with the Roman anchors These anchors have become prototypes of the famous Admiralty anchors, About a hundred years ago the Admiralty anchor was practically the only one for sea vessels. The first bronze anchor was discovered in Malta, while in the excavations and in the territories of other countries, there were found some anchorages dating back to the VIth century BC: same with the same In Sardinia (650 BC BC), stone III paws in Greece (500 years to point 3.) Around about BC, warships in Syria had iron anchors of mass up to 200 kg at the end IX century BC In Europe, the first iron anchor appeared Genoa Zaka Ui was forged in England.In XIV England, or 12 iron anchors with a mass of 700-800 for vessels of water kg in the Admiralty anchors were manufactured with long later spreading with a rod and straight horns.